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Welcome to Hanannaqq blog. This blog is will talking about Natural Herbs for Health. I hope this blog will give a much benefit for us. Not only for you, but also for me too ^_^. Because in my opinion, sharing knowledge is the best way to keep my own knowledge remain in my head.

Wednesday, August 1, 2012

2 Turmeric Cultivation : Seeding Process

After in the previous post I discussed about the the efficacy of turmeric plants for our health, then this time I want to discuss how do the turmeric cultivation. As we know that there are a lot of benefit that we can take from this herbal plants, so many people trying to cultivate it. This effort other than to give much benefit to a lot of people, it can also be used for a cottage industry. Turmeric cultivation is not exactly easy, but also is not exactly difficult. Just that we must know the knowledge how to cultivate it, so that the results obtained can be maximized.

Right now, there are some countries that started to cultivate these plants. Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, China, Haiti, and Jamaica. In Indonesia, turmeric cultivation centers in Central Java with the production of nearly 12 323 kg / ha. Whereas in other countries such as India, Sri Lanka, China, Haiti and Jamaica, production reach 15 tons / ha.

Turmeric plants grow well in areas that have the full intensity of light or moderate. That is to say this is very good crop to grow in open places. The best growth is achieved in regions with rainfall 1000-4000 mm / year. When planted in the area of rainfall < 1000 mm / year, the irrigation system must be arranged and organized well enough. These plants can be cultivated throughout the year. These plants grow well in the beginning of the rainy season. The temperature range approximately 19-30 C.


turmeric cultivation
Turmeric thrives if planted in loose soil. Type of soil is needed is a land with a high organic matter, sandy loam soil with a little puddle of water. For altitude, turmeric should be planted in the lowlands.

The following are step-by-step cultivation of turmeric :

Terms Seeds :

Good turmeric seeds comes from solving the rhizome, since it is easier to grow. Requirement of good seeds :
  • Derived from plants grow fast, fresh, healthy, and green leafy, solid, avoid of the disease.
  • Coming from rhizomes that have been aged > 7-12 months.
  • Shapes, sizes, and colors of uniforms.
  • Have adequate moisture.
  • Seed has undergone a period of rest (dormancy) enough.
  • Avoid foreign material (seeds of other plants, bark, gravel).
Preparation of Seeds : Rhizome seed material is cut to gain size and weight uniform, as well as to estimate the number of eyes shoots / rhizome. Former of cutting process is closed with kitchen ash / husk, or soak the cut Rhizome with a fungicide solution (Benlate and agrymicin) to avoid fungal growth. Each piece has a maximum rhizome 1-3 buds, weighing between 20-30 grams and length of 3-7 cm.

Seeds Seeding Technique : the growing of Turmeric rhizome bud can be done by air the rhizomes in the shade, or moisturize it for 1 until 1.5 months with a watering 2 times a day (morning and afternoon). Seedlings grow well if kept at room temperature (25-28 0 C). Besides that, placing the rhizome between the hay and soaked in a solution of atonic (1 cc/1.5 liter) and a solution of G-3 (500-700 ppm). Rhizome that will be soaked, should be dried first at 35 0 C for 42 hours.

Displacement the Seed : Seedlings which had been prepared and placed in the seedbed places, where the rhizomes will grow shoots at the age of 1-1.5 months. After the shoots grow 2-3 cm, the rhizomes can be planted on land already. Displacement seed that has sprouted, should be done carefully in order not damaged. During transport, the germinate seeds do not be stacked.

Hopefully this article useful.

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2 comments:

  1. Thank you author for such a useful post.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Ram, very happy get your comment in my blog.

      Delete

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